عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسندگان [English]چکیده [English]
More than a decade, the issue of improving the quality of building engineering knowledge infrastructure is considered as one of the most important cases. Deterioration and loss of columns and decks of bridges, beams, columns, walls of buildings are attributed to some cases such as the age of the structure, environmental destructive factors, weak design or implementation and also change of structures’ usage, and procedures of the old regulations or events such as earthquake. On the other hand, strengthening the location of the implementation of reinforced concrete structures is not usually taken into consideration. Therefore, strengthening the proper location of the structure and increasing the structural strength and reducing the cost of retrofitting have been of great importance to the attention of various researchers. The main purpose of this study is to investigate reinforced concrete structures in various modes of reinforcement of elements using FRP fibers. For this purpose, at first, three concrete structures with 5, 7 and 9 stories were designed according to the 2800 seismic regulations in SAP 2000 software and were subjected to static nonlinear analysis for which overlapping analysis has been carried out with a reverse triangular loading pattern. This structure is reinforced so that it can use the maximum structural capacity and also the columns enter the nonlinear stage after the beams. In the next step, we consider the structure in various ways such as strengthening the entire structure, reinforcing the frames, reinforcing the elements separately, strengthening the external frame of the structure, strengthening the internal frames (structural core), etc., so that through extracting the base cutting, floor drainage, the internal force of the elements and the amount of FRP consumed, we obtain the most optimal method for reinforcing the structure, which provides the functional level of LS safety with reinforcement by FRP.